Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. Established in 1864, it is the oldest and second-largest cricket stadium in India and the third-largest in the world. The stadium currently has a capacity of 66,000.
Eden Gardens is often referred to as the home of Indian cricket and has also been described as “cricket’s answer to the Colosseum” and called the “Mecca of Indian cricket”, due to being the first purpose-built ground for the sport. Eden Gardens has hosted matches in major international competitions such as the World Cup, World Twenty20, and the Asian Cup.
In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final. The 2016 ICC World Twenty20 final was held at the stadium, with the West Indies beating England in a close encounter. Eden Gardens record crowd of 110,564 in the 1996 India Vs Sri Lanka Cricket World Cup Semi-Final.
Eden Gardens Stadium History
The stadium was established in 1864. The origins of its name are uncertain. According to some, the stadium is named after the Eden Gardens park where it is located, itself named after the Eden sisters, Emily and Fanny, of Lord Auckland, the Governor-General of India (1836-1842). Initially named ‘Auckland Circus Gardens’, the park was renamed ‘Eden Gardens’ in 1841.
However, according to popular culture, Babu Rajchandra Das, the zamindar (landlord) of Kolkata, gifted one of its largest gardens, Mar Bagan, as well as the Hooghly River, to Lord Auckland and his sister Emily Eden in gratitude for their help in save his third daughter from a fatal disease. The garden was then renamed Eden Gardens.
Cricket grounds were built between Babughat and Fort William. The stadium is located in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, close to the State Secretariat and opposite the Calcutta High Court.
The first test match at the venue was held in 1934 between England and India, their first One Day International in 1987 between India and Pakistan and their first T20 international in 2011 between India and England. The 1993 Hero Cup semi-final between India and South Africa was the first match of day and night.
The stadium also hosted matches in the inaugural edition of the Nehru Cup in 1982.
India match against Uruguay at Eden Gardens in the Nehru Cup on 14 January 1984
Eden Gardens also hosted the India vs. Uruguay football match in the 1984 Nehru Cup.
Eden Gardens Stadium has a seating capacity of 66,000.
Eden Gardens Stadium Seating Plan
- The stadium has a capacity of 66,349, making it the second largest cricket stadium in the world in terms of seating capacity.
- Eden Gardens has hosted many international cricket matches, including World Cup matches in 1987, 1996 and 2011.
- The first test match played in this stadium was on Jan 5, 1934 and first ODI was played on Jan 11, 1987.
- The ground also holds the record of highest Test score by a team in India (657/10) and highest total in a Test match in India (673/6)
- Virender Sehwag (319) holds the record for the highest individual score in Test cricket on this ground.
- In ODIs, the most runs scored by a player in this ground is Sachin Tendulkar (732 runs)
- The highest attendance for a Test match at this stadium is 131,000, which was for the match between India and West Indies in February 1966.
Eden Gardens Stadium pitch report
From BCCI, Kolkata’s Eden Gardens Cricket Ground has received the Best Cricket Ground in India award twice. It is the largest cricket stadium in the country of India and the second largest in the world.
On the Eden Gardens course, batsmen need to be careful at first. Because on this course you will often see green grass which is useful for fast bowlers. In Test matches there is a big swing in the first innings because the fielder leaves the grass at the wicket, but as time goes on it becomes easier to bat on the second and third days. On the 4th and 5th day, because of the bowler’s foot marks, the ball starts to spin a lot, so with fast bowlers, spin bowlers also get help with the toss and that timing. it’s the toughest time to hit at Eden Gardens. tone.
The stadium has parking for cars and motorcycles. and parking areas are located very close to the stadium, making it easy for visitors to park their vehicles and walk to the stadium. Off-site parking is also available, where vehicles are parked at a nearby location and then transported to the stadium via shuttle buses.